The year 2049 marks the centenary of the People’s Republic of China. By that time, China will become a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful. In its effort to revitalize the Chinese nation, how can China achieve economic, political, cultural, social and ecological modernization? How can China respond to risks and challenges at home and abroad? The book focuses on the difficulties China will face in modernization, and analyzes the strategies to resolve them.